Dr. Shani Bar-On Maman is a researcher at Adva Center. She holds a PhD from the Department of Labour Studies at Tel Aviv University. Her academic reserach focus on the social history of labor and laborers in Israel from the time of the British Mandate. In the past she served as the laborers’ represenative at the Labor Court in Beersheba. Shani serves as an adjunct lecturer in the Department of Politics and Government at Ben Gurion University, and as a counselor for the National Authority for Evaluation and Measurement in Education.